The far right victorious in the legislative elections in the Netherlands, the ultraliberal Javier Milei widely elected president of Argentina, the COP28 on the lands of a large oil producer, the trial of a minister of justice, and always the conflict between Israel and Hamas and the war in Ukraine. In 15 drawings, “La Matinale” looks back at the many highlights of the past month.

COP28 begins Thursday, November 30, in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates, the seventh oil-producing country in the world… Until December 12, 140 heads of government and thousands of negotiators will face a tangle of contradictory issues for trying to limit global warming, while the latest projections are damning: the Emission Gap Report predicts 2.5°C to 2.9°C more on Earth in 2100.

The Keeper of the Seals, Eric Dupond-Moretti, was acquitted by the Court of Justice of the Republic on Wednesday, November 29. This is the first time that a serving minister appeared before his judges, for “illegal taking of interests”, in two cases where he was suspected of having used his position to settle scores with magistrates whom he had criticized when he was still a lawyer.

The Party for Freedom (PVV), a populist and Islamophobic group led by Geert Wilders, won 37 seats out of 150 in the Second Chamber (the equivalent of the National Assembly) during the legislative elections on Wednesday, November 22. in the Nederlands. The PVV, which notably advocates the closure of borders and has promised a referendum on membership of the European Union, is however struggling to find coalition partners to govern.

The ultraliberal candidate won 55.7% of the votes on Sunday, November 19, against the current Minister of the Economy, the Peronist Sergio Massa. Leading the vote in 21 of the 24 provinces, he is the best-elected Argentine president since the return of democracy in 1983. Fed up with the country’s economic stagnation − 143% inflation over one year , 40% poverty − contributed to the election of this outsider with little political experience. His controversial declarations of intent include replacing the national currency with the dollar, banning abortion and liberalizing the sale of arms.

The National Rally (RN) has positioned itself to chair the study group on anti-Semitism in the National Assembly. If it has never clearly distanced itself from its past, the far-right party hopes to “distance itself from its history”. Sunday, November 12, the boss of RN deputies, Marine Le Pen, and the president of the party, Jordan Bardella, also participated in the big march against anti-Semitism in Paris, which brought together more than 100,000 people.

And 19 for Elisabeth Borne. The Prime Minister held the government accountable to the Assembly for the adoption, on Sunday, November 26, of the expenditure section of its budgetary programming law. Since her appointment on May 16, 2022, the Prime Minister will have used section 49.3 on average once a month. However, she still remains far from the absolute record, 28, held by Michel Rocard.

After two and a half years of remarkable discipline within the Democratic camp behind President Joe Biden, the ordeal of civilians in Gaza is causing unprecedented unrest. It places the administration – resolute support of Israel – at odds with the progressive wing of the Democratic Party, and more broadly with the young electorate and minorities of color, whose mobilization will be decisive during the presidential election. from November 2024.

In his first speech since the outbreak of the conflict between Israel and Hamas on Friday, November 3, Hassan Nasrallah, the leader of Hezbollah, announced neither the total war against the Jewish state that some supporters expected, nor the de-escalation that the Lebanese hoped. Nasrallah, however, invited his supporters not to minimize the war that the Shiite Islamist group on the border between Lebanon and Israel is already waging – “we entered the battle on October 8” – as a “support front” for Hamas.

After twenty months of war against Russia, Ukraine fears falling into oblivion while the conflict between Israel and Hamas now seems to attract all attention. kyiv is also worried about the future of support from its Western allies and the United States, where Congress is divided over the colossal military aid provided to the Ukrainians.

Iranian Armita Garavand, 16, who fell into a coma after a suspicious fall in the Tehran metro, died at the end of October in hospital. According to NGOs, the high school student, who did not wear a veil, was allegedly attacked by members of the moral police. The authorities, for their part, defended the version of “discomfort”, a little over a year after the death in detention of Mahsa Amini following his arrest by the same moral police, which had triggered a vast movement of protest in the country.

The American President, Joe Biden, and his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, held a summit deemed “constructive” on Wednesday, November 15 in California, after months of tensions. If they have made little progress on sensitive issues such as Taiwan, Ukraine or even semiconductors, the two leaders have notably agreed to reopen the communication channels between their armies, to agree on the fight against trafficking of fentanyl and to lead discussions on artificial intelligence.

Giorgia Meloni, the president of the Italian council, signed a memorandum of understanding with her Albanian counterpart on November 6 providing for the establishment in Albania of a reception area for migrants rescued by the Italian navy. This project, intended to try to keep migrants away from its shores, reflects a temptation that is growing throughout the European Union: stopping migrants wishing to request asylum on its periphery, or even sending them back to a third country. examination of their situation.

The Twenty-Seven did not find a compromise, Thursday, November 16, on the fate of glyphosate, a substance contained in several herbicides and classified in 2015 as a “probable carcinogen.” The European Commission therefore ruled in its favor and extended its approval until December 15, 2033, returning responsibility for restrictions of use to the Member States.

International negotiations bringing together 175 countries against the proliferation of plastic waste ended on Sunday, November 19, in Kenya, stumbling over the binding nature of a treaty, while global production has more than doubled in twenty years and could triple by here at 2060 if nothing is done. Aggravating factor: only 9% of plastics are recycled today.